Today’s market conditions are a stark contrast of that bygone era, when a single mass medium was all it took to sway the minds of a passive, uninformed, homogeneous audience. With the increasing segmentation of consumers, proliferation of competitive offerings, and fragmentation of media, it has become quite a daunting task for a marketer to choose the right medium to target and reach their audience with an acceptable degree of precision and effectiveness.
Perhaps this predicament is best captured in John Wanamaker’s poignant wit; ‘Half the money I spend on Advertising is wasted; the trouble is, I don’t know which half’. There are a host of factors that come into play when deciding on the best medium(s) to convey your message in, which can help you get the most out of your marketing budget.
Segmentation has the greatest bearing when determining the most suitable form of medium for your brand communication. It is defined as dividing up a market into a distinctive group that has common needs and will respond similarly to a marketing action. This may be based on geographic, demographic, psychographic or behavioristic considerations. The TV and the newspaper are the most effective choices for a brand that serves a broad undefined market, due to its wide unbiased reach.
On the other extreme, your brand may be serving a segmented market with a well defined target audience. And while a one size fits all message cannot be tenable here, the fragmentation of media becomes a plus that you can leverage on, to accurately target your audience in a way that’s uniquely relevant to them. Magazines and Radio can narrow down and isolate your market based on age, gender, geography, language, values and lifestyle preferences, occupation, or a combination of any of these variables. And with over 100 radio stations and even more magazines incessantly dividing up the market pie, reaching your defined market becomes a simple endeavor, albeit an expensive one.
But the medium with the distinction for being the most target specific channel for reaching your customers has to be the Internet. It gives you the ability to narrow down to a particular market segment with astonishing precision, based on a variety of parameters such as a user’s unique IP Address to detect their location, keywords used, user profiles stored in email and social network accounts, browsing behavior (stored in cookies), purchase history etc. With the rapidity by which users are taking to the web, this medium presents a goldmine that every marketer would want to fully exploit.
CPM – Cost Per Mille
It’s good for a marketer to meet their set objectives but it’s even better if they do it with the least amount of resources. Cost has become a crucial factor when determining the best medium for communicating. This is measured using CPM (Cost Per Mille), which is defined by the American Marketing Association as the cost of using the media vehicle to reach 1,000 people or households. The medium with the lowest CPM is ideally the best choice, other factors remaining constant. For instance, while Direct-Mail has much cheaper production costs than a TV ad, the latter has the potential to reach a broader audience, and will therefore tend to have a lower CPM.
ROI – Return On Investment
Another factor related to costs, and just as important when choosing the best medium, is measurement of the ROI. Return On Investment of a given media may be measured qualitatively or quantitatively. Qualitative measurement is mainly used for broadcast mediums such as TV and radio. A sample of the audience are gathered in focus groups and subjected to awareness or recall tests to establish whether the message was effectively delivered. Quantitative measurement on the other hand, involves using a broad range of metrics to gauge the impact of a given medium. The ROI for Direct Mail for example, is easily calculated by comparing the cost of delivering a single unit with its impact on measurable parameters such as the number of coupons redeemed, phone inquiries made, or sales made during the campaign period.
Photo adopted from www.somethingdigital.com
Its potential however, pales in comparison with that of Online Advertising, which encompasses Search Engine Marketing (SEM), Banner Advertising, E-Mail Marketing, Rich Media Ads and Social Network Advertising. By virtue of it being an electronic medium, the Internet is capable of delivering real-time analytics for almost every interactive session, for example; banners or links clicked, websites visited, or conversions made. With online advertising models such as Pay Per Click (PPC), Cost Per Action (CPA), Cost Per Lead (CPL) etc., every cent spent on funneling one consumer into purchasing a product is accounted for, and so are the results. Thus, to maximize ROI, more consideration should be given to Cost Per Impact (CPI), which reflects the cost incurred to affect a single person, not merely reaching him.
In advertising, it’s not just what you say that matters, but how and where you say it as well. A well crafted and memorable campaign not only exudes creativity in conceptualization, but also in execution. Choosing one medium over another can drastically change the way a message is perceived. Take radio for example. Although lacking the Audio-visual capability inherent in TV, a radio spot aptly makes up for this deficiency when sound is merged with imagination to vividly ‘paint’ a scenario in the audience’s mind that would rival that of a TV Ad—at a fraction of the cost.
Magazines too, can merge message execution with creativity with the same amount of brilliance. Touted as the most flexible of print media, they present myriad ways to augment a brand’s message/image. For starters, its unrivaled quality in printing production already conveys prestige to the brand image. Secondly, unlike newsprint, a magazine ad can be adopted to a wide range of formats by allowing it to extend beyond the bleed-line and gutter, or by using a gate-fold to give an ad the impression of grandness that a customer will be compelled to give it all the due attention it deserves.
Media Planning is a complex undertaking and will often involve taking many factors into consideration. However, with the marketing objective as well as past performance as a guide, and with a keen eye on marketplace dynamics, most of these factors can be ranked according to merit, and the result used as the criterion when allocating advertising budget to various mediums. To maximize the impact of your message, a Cross Media Marketing Campaign—one that exploits the unique strengths of more than one medium to get the message across—would the best option to go for, in order to deliver an 360 degree brand experience that is relevant to the audience, different from competition, and cost-efficient to the marketer.
Websites have become crucial strategy elements for businesses in Kenya. Most companies have secured domains for their brands and a large number of them have an operational website. Those yet to get an online presence are to say the least backward; they will be irrelevant if you look at the current web scenario in Kenya.
Although having a business website will give you the online presence you need, differentiation has never been as important as it will be. Websites do more for a business than an online presence. They are branding tools; they speak to customers and are the first line a tech perceptive, modern customer will find before making a local visit. You cannot get it wrong.
If you want a website that incorporates all the elements your business needs to display before today’s savvy consumer, a template website won’t do. A poorly designed, flash website that screams fancy will fail too. If you have an in-house web team to do it, the talent may also not be 100% for the optimal feel. You need a business partner to design, develop and maintain your business website. It’s as serious as it gets. This article is part of a sequel to help you choose a good web design company for your business website.
Have they done their homework?
A different web design project has different expectations and needs. When you’re choosing a web design company that comes pitching to you, the first thing you need to do is determine how much they know about you. It’s their business to know who your website audience is. Don’t fall for the smooth talking sales people with lots of web design jargon. The ideal web design company in Kenya needs to have competent people who prove themselves through the conducting of enough insights into your business. If they don’t know you, how can they understand you?
Who are they?
Any person can code a website. However, only seasoned professionals can draw the fine line that web strategy is. You should choose a web design company whose past successes are evident from extensive, multidisciplinary successful web design portfolios in different disciplines whether its cooking products like fats and oils, or executive education and so forth. If they have been successful in the past, chances are, they will do the same for you.
Part II to be continued.
Crown Paints Kenya Ltd, Kenya’s No. 1 paint manufacturing company, has launched the “UNITING COLOURS OF KENYA CAMPAIGN”. The campaign’s tagline resonates with the company’s corporate identity to promote peace in Kenya-as a frontier brand helping Kenyans avoid a repeat of the 2007-2008 Post-Election Violence. Crown Paints urges every peace loving Kenyan to join hands in this campaign to make it a success.
The campaign starting 4th of February 2013, will run to the Election Day. Through the platform, participants will be required to upload pictures, videos, notes and quotes all promoting peace in the country, in a creative and unique way. There will be a 1000ksh worth of airtime winner every day. The daily winners will automatically qualify for the grand draw where the overall winner will walk away with 100,000, the 1st runners up, 70,000 kshs for and 40,000 kshs for the 2nd runners up. The campaigns’ most creative messages will also be printed on giveaway T-shirts to add to the fun, and so much more in the campaign period.
You can like the Crown Paints Facebook Page, follow them Twitter, subscribe to their YouTube channel or visit the Uniting colours of Kenya competition microsite to be a part of this revolutionary peace campaign.
- Urban Bites Packaging Design 2 comment(s)
- New Nairobi Java House Website Launched 1 comment(s)
- Branding in Kenya 0 comment(s)
- Mobile Advertising in Kenya Changing Gear 0 comment(s)
- Top 40 Women Under 40 0 comment(s)
- You Tube: Viral Marketing 0 comment(s)
- Fudge: Wakilisha Yo Hood! 0 comment(s)
- Ramco Printing Expo10 0 comment(s)
- Exhibitions in Kenya to Note 0 comment(s)
- Striking Email Newsletter Designs 0 comment(s)
Advertising Advertising in Kenya Animation Animation Advertisement Animation in Kenya Brand Branding Branding companies in Kenya Branding Strategies Branding Strategy Brand Loyalty Brand Positioning Brands Business Leader Client satisfaction Conversations Corporate Blogs Creative Edge Creative Edge Blog Customer relationship management Customer satisfaction Design e-marketing Engagement Marketing Exhibitions Exhibitions in Kenya Experiential Marketing Facebook Graphic Design Innovative Design Kenyan Branding Marketing Marketing in Kenya Marketing Strategy Mobile advertising Online Marketing Packaging Design Search Engine Optimization SEO Social Media Social Media Marketing Social Media Marketing Kenya Strategy Visual Identity web design